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Last updated: 9 December 2021
Status:Final
Date:Monday 10 December 2001
Time:22:40
Type:Silhouette image of generic BE20 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Beechcraft B200C Super King Air
Operator:Royal Flying Doctor Service
Registration: VH-FMN
MSN: BL-47
First flight: 1982
Total airframe hrs:10907
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-42
Crew:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 2
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:5,7 km (3.6 mls) N of Mount Gambier Airport, SA (MGB) (   Australia)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Ambulance
Departure airport:Adelaide Airport, SA (ADL/YPAD), Australia
Destination airport:Mount Gambier Airport, SA (MGB/YMTG), Australia
Narrative:
A Beechcraft B200C Super King Air, registered VH-FMN, departed Adelaide Airport, SA (ADL) at 22:40 hours under the Instrument Flight Rules for Mount Gambier Airport, SA (MGB). The ambulance aircraft was being positioned from Adelaide to Mount Gambier to transport a patient from Mount Gambier to Sydney for a medical procedure, for which time constraints applied. The pilot intended to refuel the aircraft at Mount Gambier. The planned flight time to Mount Gambier was 52 minutes. On board were the pilot and one medical crewmember. The medical crewmember was seated in a rear-facing seat behind the pilot.
On departure from Adelaide, the pilot climbed the aircraft to an altitude of 21,000 ft above mean sea level for the flight to Mount Gambier. At approximately 23:08, the pilot requested and received from Air Traffic Services (ATS) the latest weather report for Mount Gambier aerodrome, including the altimeter sub-scale pressure reading of 1012 millibars. At approximately 23:12, the pilot commenced descent to Mount Gambier. At approximately 23:24, the aircraft descended through about 8,200 ft and below ATS radar coverage.
At approximately 23:26, the pilot made a radio transmission on the Mount Gambier Mandatory Broadcast Zone (MBZ) frequency advising that the aircraft was 26 NM north, inbound, had left 5,000 ft on descent and was estimating the Mount Gambier circuit at 23:35. At about 23:27, the pilot started a series of radio transmissions to activate the Mount Gambier aerodrome pilot activated lighting (PAL). At approximately 23:29, the pilot made a radio transmission advising that the aircraft was 19 NM north and maintaining 4,000 ft. About 3 minutes later, he made another series of transmissions to activate the Mount Gambier PAL. At approximately 23:33, the pilot reported to ATS that he was in the circuit at Mount Gambier and would report after landing. Witnesses located in the vicinity of the aircraft's flight path reported that the aircraft was flying lower than normal for aircraft arriving from the northwest.
At approximately 23:36 (56 minutes after departure), the aircraft impacted the ground at a position 3.1 NM from the threshold of runway 18. The pilot sustained fatal injuries and the medical crewmember sustained serious injuries, but egressed unaided.

Probable Cause:

SIGNIFICANT FACTORS:
1. Dark night conditions existed in the area surrounding the approach path of the aircraft.
2. For reasons which could not be ascertained, the pilot did not comply with the requirements of the published instrument approach procedures.
3. The aircraft was flown at an altitude insufficient to ensure terrain clearance.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: ATSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 6 months
Accident number: BO/200105769
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Ground

Sources:
» ATSB


Photos

photo of Beechcraft-B200C-Super-King-Air-VH-FMN
accident date: 10-12-2001
type: Beechcraft B200C Super King Air
registration: VH-FMN
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Adelaide Airport, SA to Mount Gambier Airport, SA as the crow flies is 370 km (231 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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