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Last updated: 27 November 2021
Date:Tuesday 26 August 1969
Type:Silhouette image of generic IL18 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Ilyushin Il-18B
Operator:Aeroflot, Moscow Civil Aviation Directorate
Registration: CCCP-75708
MSN: 189001705
First flight: 1960
Total airframe hrs:12023
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 8
Passengers:Fatalities: 16 / Occupants: 94
Total:Fatalities: 16 / Occupants: 102
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO) (   Russia)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Noril'sk Airport (NSK/UOOO), Russia
Destination airport:Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO/UUWW), Russia
The crew forgot to lower the undercarriage on approach. The Il-18 landed on its belly. A fire erupted in the cabin.

Probable Cause:

The main cause of the disaster was the failure of the PIC and the flight mechanic to fulfill the most important functional duties for preparing and performing the landing, determined by the flight manual and instructions for the distribution of duties in the crew during the approach, as a result of which the landing was performed with the landing gear retracted.
The immediate cause of the disaster was a fire that broke out in the aircraft as a result of the ignition of the AMG-10 fluid ejected from the hydraulic system from a short circuit in the aircraft wiring.
Contributing reasons:
a) low level of discipline and educational work in the 65th flight unit;
b) lack of proper control over the recruitment and commissioning of this crew, as a result of which two people with poor training ware included in the crew at the same time;
c) insufficient demand and poor control on the part of the flight and navigational department of the Moscow Air Traffic Service Administration over the execution of the 65th flight unit of the main documents and instructions on flight safety;
d) technical imperfection of the IL-18 landing gear position signalling system, the main drawback of which was the necessity of switching off the horn, which was activated during the aircraft descent from, and switching off the signalling light of the retracted landing gear position when the horn was forcibly switched off.

Gear-up landing
Runway mishap

» Flight International 11 December 1976 (1695)
» Soviet Transports


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Noril'sk Airport to Moskva-Vnukovo Airport as the crow flies is 2852 km (1782 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Ilyushin Il-18

  • 569 built
  • 42nd loss
  • 26th fatal accident
  • 18th worst accident (at the time)
  • 39th worst accident (currently)
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