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Last updated: 16 January 2022
Status:Definitief
Datum:woensdag 25 januari 1961
Type:Silhouette image of generic COMT model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
de Havilland DH-106 Comet 4
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:British Overseas Airways Corporation - BOAC
Registratie: G-APDM
Constructienummer: 6414
Bouwjaar: 1959
Aantal vlieguren:5633
Motoren: 4 Rolls-Royce Avon 524
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 8
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 44
Totaal:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 52
Schade: Groot
Gevolgen: Repaired
Plaats:67 km (41.9 mijl) N of Roma-Fiumicino Airport (FCO) (   Italië)
Fase: Landing (LDG)
Soort vlucht:Internationale lijnvlucht
Vliegveld van vertrek:London-Heathrow Airport (LHR/EGLL), Verenigd Koninkrijk
Vliegveld van aankomst:Roma-Fiumicino Airport (FCO/LIRF), Italië
Vluchtnummer:BA115
Beschrijving:
The Comet 4 operated on BOAC flight 115 from London to Rome, Khartoum, Nairobi, Salisbury and Johannesburg.
During the descent towards Rome, the aircraft prematurely descended and performed the approach procedure. After lowering the gear and beginning his approach, the aircraft hit pine trees on Monte Cimino, 40 miles North of Rome.
Damage was caused to nosewheel, main undercarriage and flaps, but aircraft managed to make a successful landing at Fiumicino afterwards.

Probable Cause:

The accident was attributed to the following causes:
1. Exercises for familiarization, as recommended by ICAO, with the approach procedure for Fiumicino were not carried out. These exercises were all the more necessary as it was the first time that this crew had flown to the airport.
2. The aircraft did not fly over NR and did not follow a QDR (magnetic heading) between 115° and 122° from NR.
3. The two radio compasses were tuned to the same frequency. As a result, only one "double" erroneous indication was available, whereas it would have been possible to have had useful indications from different sources for a "fix", by using the bearings of pairs of radio beacons.
4. After both radio compasses had been tuned to the NF frequency, and their indications agreed with one another, they were accepted as reliable.
5. For the final navigation phase only the radio compasses were used. More importance shouId have been attached to the contemporaneous indications of the compass and clock after appreciable differences had been noted between information shown in the flight log and data which could have been obtained subsequently by observation and measurement.
6. Inaccuracy in radio communications on the part of the second pilot, (as shown in communication at 2029:30 hours).
7. The Prague transmitter interfered with radio beacon NF.

Bronnen:
» ICAO Circular 69


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Kaart
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen London-Heathrow Airport en Roma-Fiumicino Airport bedraagt 1434 km (896 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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