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Last updated: 27 October 2021
Estado:Final
Fecha:sábado 30 junio 1956
Hora:10:32
Tipo:Silhouette image of generic CONI model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Lockheed L-1049-54-80 Super Constellation
Operador:Trans World Airlines - TWA
Registración: N6902C
Numéro de série: 4016
Año de Construcción: 1952
Horas Totales de la Célula:10519
Tripulación:Fatalidades: 6 / Ocupantes: 6
Pasajeros:Fatalidades: 64 / Ocupantes: 64
Total:Fatalidades: 70 / Ocupantes: 70
Víctimas de la colisión:Fatalidades: 58
Daños en la Aeronave: Destruido
Consecuencias: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Ubicación:Grand Canyon, AZ (   Estados Unidos de América)
Fase: En ruta (ENR)
Naturaleza:Vuelo Doméstico Programado
Aeropuerto de Salida:Los Angeles International Airport, CA (LAX/KLAX), Estados Unidos de América
Aeropuerto de Llegada:Kansas City Downtown Municipal Airport, MO (MKC/KMKC), Estados Unidos de América
Número de Vuelo:TW2
Descripción:
TWA Flight 2, a Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation, took off from Los Angeles (LAX) at 09:01 PST for an IFR flight to Kansas City (MKC). After reporting "on top" of the clouds at 2400 feet the crew contacted Los Angeles ARTCC. Clearance was given to climb to 19000 feet. Immediately thereafter TWA 2 asked for a routing change to Daggett via Victor Airway 210, This was approved. At 09:21 Flight 2 reported that it was approaching Daggett and requested a change in flight plan altitude assignment from 19,000 to 21,000 feet. The request was not approved because of traffic at FL210 (United Flight 718). A request for 1000 on top was granted. At 09:59 Flight 2 reported its position through company radio at Las Vegas. It reported that it had passed Lake Mohave at 09:55, was 1,000 on top at 21,000 feet, and estimated it would reach the 321-degree radial of the Winslow omni range station (Painted Desert) at 10:31. This was the last radio communication with the flight.
United Flight 718, a DC-7, had departed from Los Angeles at 09:04 for an IFR flight to Chicago cruising at FL210. At approximately 09:58 United 718 made a position report to the CAA communications station located at Needles. This report stated that the flight was over Needles at 09:58, at 21,000 feet, and estimated the Painted Desert at 10:31.
Both aircraft were at the same altitude on an intersecting course over Grand Canyon. United 718 was heading 46 degrees Magnetic and TWA 2 was heading 59 degrees Magnetic. Both aircraft collided in mid-air. First contact involved the centre fin leading edge of the Constellation and the left aileron tip of the DC-7. The lower surface of the DC-7 left wing struck the upper aft fuselage of the L-1049 with disintegrating force. The collision ripped open the fuselage of the Constellation from just forward of its tail to near the main cabin door. The empennage of the L-1049 separated almost immediately. The plane pitched down and fell to the ground. Most of the left outer wing of the DC-7 had separated and aileron control was restricted, causing the plane fell to the ground out of control.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The pilots did not see each other in time to avoid the collision. It is not possible to determine why the pilots did not see ach other, but the evidence suggests that it resulted from any one or a combination of the following factors: 1) Intervening clouds reducing time for visual separation; 2) Visual limitations due to cockpit visibility, and; 3) Preoccupation with normal cockpit duties; 4) Preoccupation with matters unrelated to cockpit duties such as attempting to provide the passengers with a more scenic view of the Grand Canyon areal; 5) Physiological limits to human vision reducing the time opportunity to see and avoid the other aircraft, or; 6) Insufficiency of en-route air traffic advisory information due to inadequacy of facilities and lack of personnel in air traffic control."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: CAB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 291 days (10 months)
Accident number: File No. 1-0090
Download report: Final report

Fuentes:
» ICAO Accident Digest Circular 54-AN/49 (95-111)


Fotos

photo of Lockheed-L-1049A-Super-Constellation-N6902C
accident date: 30-06-1956
type: Lockheed L-1049A Super Constellation
registration: N6902C
photo of Lockheed-L-1049-Super-Constellation-
Flight path.
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Los Angeles International Airport, CA to Kansas City Downtown Municipal Airport, MO as the crow flies is 2183 km (1364 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Lockheed L-1049

  • 564 built
  • 11th loss
  • 6th accidente fatal
  • 2nd worst accident (a la hora)
  • 4th worst accident (actualmente)
» safety profile

 Estados Unidos de América
  • 2nd worst accident (a la hora)
  • 39th worst accident (actualmente)
» safety profile